What IS neurodiversity?

This term, which is a combination of “neurological” and “diversity” originated in the late 1990s by sociologist Judy Singer as a challenge to prevailing views of neurological diversity as inherently pathological (which indicates it is something that can be cured), instead asserting that neurological differences are a natural variation of the human genome and thus should be recognized and respected as a social category on par with gender, ethnicity, sexual orientation, or disability status.  It’s a basic belief that different people think differently, and that no one way of thinking is “right” or “wrong”.  For purposes of this podcast, I see neurodiversity as an umbrella term that encompasses us all, whether we are neurotypical or neurodivergent. 

Neurodivergent:

Anyone who has some form of atypical developmental, intellectual or cognitive function.  Some neurominority conditions that fall into ‘neurodivergent’ are:

  • Autism (ASD)

  • Sensory Processing Disorder

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)

  • Tourette’s Syndrome

  • Dyslexia

  • Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)

  • Dyscalculia

  • Auditory processing disorder

 

1 in 5 people fall into one, or MORE, of these categories.

Neurotypical:

Anyone who has typical development, and intellectual, or cognitive functioning.